- 1) Augustus (q.v.) of the West (286-305) and member of the tetrarchy (q.v.), governing from Milan (qq.v.). A fellow soldier and friend of Diocletian (q.v.), who chose him to be augustus, his victories along the Rhine (q.v.) were overshadowed by the loss of Britain (q.v.) to Carausius (286-293). His caesar Constantius Chlorus (qq.v.), father of Constantine I the Great, recovered the province. Forced into retirement in 305 by Diocletian, he was succeeded as augustus of the West by Constantius Chlorus. When Constantius died in 306 Constantine was recognized as augustus in Britain by his father's troops, while in Italy (q.v.) Maximian came out of retirement in 306 to promote his son Maxentius (q.v.) as a rival to Severus (q.v.). Maximian switched his support to Constantine, and he was forced into retirement again (308), only to revolt unsuccessfully against Constantine in 310. Constantine apparently put him to death in the same year.2) See Ravenna.
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . John H. Rosser .
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Maximian — Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus (* um 240 bei Sirmium, heute Sremska Mitrovica, in Pannonien; † 310 in Gallien), genannt Herculius, war vom 1. März 286 bis zum 1. Mai 305 zusammen mit Diokletian Kaiser des Römischen Reichs. Leben … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Maximian — For other people named Maximian or Maximianus, see Maximianus (disambiguation). Maximian 52nd Emperor of the Roman Empire Bust of Emperor Maximian … Wikipedia
Maximian — in full Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus born с AD 250, Sirmium, Pannonia Inferior died с July 310 Roman emperor with Diocletian (286–305). Assigned the government of the West, he could not suppress revolts in Gaul and Britain; Constantius I… … Universalium
Maximian — noun Roman Emperor from 286 until he abdicated in 305; when Diocletian divided the Roman Empire in 286 Maximian became emperor in the west (died in 311) • Syn: ↑Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus, ↑Herculius • Instance Hypernyms: ↑Roman Emperor … Useful english dictionary
MAXIMIAN — Maximiano, Maximianus … Abbreviations in Latin Inscriptions
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